Wall motion analysis: apical inferior septum

Comparison of normal vs. typical cases of abnormal wall motion of the apical septum:

1. (upper left) Normal

2. (upper right) Akynesia

3. (lower left) Aneurysm (abnormal diastolic left ventricular geometry with systolic expansion)

4. (lower right) Extensive dyskinesis secondary to pacemaker activation (electrode in right ventricular apex)

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